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Bainbridge, OH 45612
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General knowledge from the Center for Disease Control & Prevention

Q&A on coronaviruses COVID-19

What is a coronavirus?

Coronaviruses are a large family of viruses which may cause illness in animals or humans. In humans, several coronaviruses are known to cause respiratory infections ranging from the common cold to more severe diseases such as Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS). The most recently discovered coronavirus causes coronavirus disease COVID-19.

What is Covid-19?

COVID-19 is a new disease, caused by a novel (or new) coronavirus that has not previously been seen in humans. Because it is a new virus, scientists are learning more each day. Although most people who have COVID-19 have mild symptoms, COVID-19 can also cause severe illness and even death. Some groups, including older adults and people who have certain underlying medical conditions, are at increased risk of severe illness.

Why is it being called COVID-19

On February 11, 2020 the World Health Organization announced an official name for the disease that is causing the 2019 novel coronavirus outbreak, first identified in Wuhan China. The new name of this disease is coronavirus disease 2019, abbreviated as COVID-19. In COVID-19, “CO” stands for corona, “VI” for virus, and ”D” for disease. Formerly, this disease was referred to as “2019 novel coronavirus” or “2019-nCoV.”

How to get tested

You can visit your local health department’s website to look for the latest local information on testing.

If you have symptoms of COVID-19 and want to get tested, call your healthcare provider first.

What are the symptoms of Covid-19?

People with COVID-19 have had a wide range of symptoms reported – ranging from mild symptoms to severe illness. Symptoms may appear 2-14 days after exposure to the virus. People with these symptoms may have COVID-19:

Fever or chills


Shortness of breath or difficulty breathing


Muscle or body aches


New loss of taste or smell

Sore throat

Congestion or runny nose

Nausea or vomiting


How does covid-19 spread?

COVID-19 is thought to spread mainly through close contact from person to person, including between people who are physically near each other (within about 6 feet). People who are infected but do not show symptoms can also spread the virus to others. Cases of reinfection with COVID-19  have been reported but are rare. We are still learning about how the virus spreads and the severity of illness it causes.

What does it mean to self-quarantine?

Self-quarantine is an important measure taken by those who have COVID-19 symptoms or whom have tested positive to avoid infecting others in the community, including family members.

Self-quarantining is when a person who is experiencing COVID-19 symptoms stays at home, does not go out and does not go to work,

To date, there are
two approved tests
available for COVID-19

Viral Test

A viral test tells you if you have a current infection.

Anitbody Test

An antibody test might tell you if you had a past infection.

Want more information on testing?


COVID-19 Vaccine

Type of vaccine: mRNA

Number of shots:
2 shots, 28 days apart

How given:
Shot upper arm

Does not contain:



Help Stop the Spread of the Novel Coronavirus

Protect Yourself and Others


Wash your
hands often


Use alcohol based
hand sanitizer


Work From home
If You're Able


seek medical
attention When Needed


Cover your nose
and mouth


Social Distance

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